傳統中最溫潤的情感—農曆春節

褪下上一年的煩憂,新的一年中華地區最期待的節慶,莫過於農曆春節了。揉和了天地節氣、時間情感與禮俗文化,由中國傳統曆法延伸的春節,不僅是追求吉利平安的重要時刻,更是人們聚首歡慶的美好時光。
To fade away the worries of the previous year, there is no holiday more anticipated than the Chinese New Year. Harmoniously blending the seasonal festivals, creating a feeling of time and the custom culture, the Spring Festival which is extended by the traditional Chinese calendar is not only in pursuit of auspicious peace, but also a good time for people to celebrate together.

「春節」又稱為「新年」、「大年」,本是專指節氣中的「立春」,後來則演變除夕(年末的最後一日)到元宵(隔年正月的十五日)的重要慶祝時節;尤其以農曆正月初一到初五這段期間最為濃厚,俗稱為「過年」。如同跨年,「農曆新年」也是台灣辭舊迎新之際。而為了迎向美好的未來,春節在習俗上也有許多「討吉利」的佈局;像是春節前夕的「大掃除」,就是意味將晦氣厄運去除,有破舊立新之意;另外,象徵步步高升的年糕、敬神祈福的祭祀、招來好運的紅色、吉祥討喜的春聯與燃放鞭炮,也都是春節其間,增添過年氣氛與求個吉利的傳統。再者,除夕夜闔家「圍爐」的年夜飯、發紅包(壓歲錢)及「守歲」的習俗,也有歡喜團圓、祈求平安、長壽的意義。除此之外,大年初一拜年、初二回娘家、初四接財神、初五開市等習俗,也深切表達華人世界對於過去一年的感懷及對未來的正面展望,更闡述每個人記憶中最美好的溫潤的情感。
The “Spring Festival” is also called the “Chinese New Year” and “Great Year” which originally referred to the Beginning of Spring in Solar Terms. Later, it gradually signifies the important celebration from Chinese New Yearʼs Eve (the last day of the year) to Lantern Festival (the fifteenth day of next January). Especially on the January 1st to 5th of the lunar New Year, is the most intense period, commonly known as the Chinese New Year. Similar to the New Year, "Lunar New Year" is also the occasion for Taiwanese say goodbye to the old, in order to welcome a brighter future. The Spring Festival has numerous customs and also many "auspicious" arrangements. Itʼs like cleaning up before the Spring Festival, which means to get rid of the bad luck. In addition, the rice cakes symbolize promotion, give offering to gods for their blessing, red colour to attract good fortune, also spring couplets and firecrackers, can be found during the Spring Festival, adding a New Year atmosphere and an auspicious tradition. In addition, the Chinese New Yearʼs Eve family reunion dinner, red envelopes (gift money) and "stay up all night on New Yearʼs Eve"customs also imply happy reunion and prayer for peace and longevity. Furthermore, the first day of the lunar year people will visit their relatives and friends. On the second day of the lunar year, families will go to married woman’s parent’s house. The fourth day of the lunar year will be the greeting of the god of wealth. On the fifth day of the lunar year, it will be the opening of the market and other customs. These customs deeply express the feelings of the Chinese world for the past year and the positive outlook for the future, and elaborate on the warmest and sweetest feelings of each personʼs memories.



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